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Some information about hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and gynecology

Some information about hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and gynecology

Hysteroscopy is the method of minimally invasive examination of the uterine cavity with the use of hysteroscope, followed by (if necessary) diagnostic and surgical manipulations. Hysteroscopy allows identifying and removing intrauterine pathologies, removing foregn bodies, taking a biopsy of tissues, removing endometrial polyps. In the process of investigation surgical procedures are available to eliminate causes of the uterine infertility: endometrial polyps, submucous myomatous nodules, hyperplastic   foci of endometrium, intrauterine septum and synechiae. It is also make possible recanalization of the fallopian tubes and their mucosal evaluation up to fimbrillar part.

 The indications for diagnostic procedures are:

  • Suspected uterine endometriosis, submucosal  myoma, synechiae (adhesions)  in the uterine cavity, ovum residues, cervical cancer and cancer of endometrium, perforation of the uterine wall during abortion or diagnostic scraping.
  •  Suspected uterine malformations
  •  Menstrual disorders in women of childbearing age
  •  Uterine developmental anomalies
  •  Postmenopausal bleeding
  •  Infertility
  •  Control study of the uterine cavity after the uterine surgery, at miscarriage, after the  hormone therapy

The indications for surgical procedures are:

  •  submucosal uterine fibroids
  •  intrauterine   septum
  •   intrauterine  synechiae
  •  endometrial  polyps
  •  endometrial  hyperplasia
  •   removal of  intrauterine contraceptive residues

Laparascopy in gynecology

Laparoscopy  is a minimal invasive method of diagnosis and surgical interventions.  Laparoscopy is performed  by penetrating into the abdomen and  to the  pelvic organs  with a few small incisions, and then tools manipulators are inserted through them. Manipulators are provided  with micro tools, the lighting and micro-camera, that allows to perform surgeries with visual control, without carrying out large incisions, which reduces the risk of post-operative complications, minimizes the surgical tissue injury and reduces the rehabilitation periods.

Laparoscopy is widely used in gynecology:

  •  unexplained infertility , which is not revealed by  detailed not invasive examination
  •  ineffective hormonal therapy  for infertility
  •  surgery for ovarian cyst (sclerocystitis, ovarian sclerocystitis, ovarian tumor)
  •  suspected  endometriosis , adhesive  disease
  •  chronic pelvic pains
  •  endometriosis  of uterine appendages, ovaries, pelvic cavity
  •  myomatous uterine lesions
  •  tubal ligation, ectopic pregnancy, rupture of the tubes
  •  ovarian torsion, cyst, ovarian apoplexy, internal bleeding
  •  examination of the pelvic

In MC Erebouni such kind of surgeries have  been  performed for a long time, have a fairly widespread use  and are carried out  by experienced professionals. It allows patients to return to their normal and healthy lifestyle within the shortest period of time.

 

26.05.2016
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